Situated dead center in the middle of the twenty-two chapter Book of Revelation, chapter 11 contains all the internal, historical and contextual evidence a Christian needs to confidently maintain that the Apocalypse was written at least four years before the outbreak of the First Jewish Rebellion against the Emperor Nero, his Judæan procurator, Gessius Florus and the entire Roman Empire. How the chapter begins and how it ends and what comes in between combines every possible ingredient to disprove and refute the notion that the tribulation, time of the dead and judgment day (as anticipated elsewhere in the New Testament) belongs somewhere in distant futurity.
Only by turning everything said in chapter 11 in sophisticated symbols and metaphors can someone escape the conclusion the the historic A.D.66-70 Destruction of Jerusalem was a revolutionary milestone in salvation history (not just a foreshadowing of something to happen in an unknown generation yet to come).
Note with us who, what, when, where and how this passage assumes a definitive shape that communicates a united theme of concommitant events happening at a specific place at a specific time. And observe how, in chapter 12 and 13 to follow the situation for these "Gentiles" deteriorates to the point the downfall of the great city--a foregone destiny for those who attempted to contradict Christ and defy his heavenly intervention against their messianic and nationalist ambitions.
REVELATION CHAPTER 11 is an interesting passage; it gives us all the proof we need to establish at least 7 things Futurists vehemently reject:
(1) That the Book of Revelation was penned before the outbreak of the First Great Revolt of the Jews against the Romans.
(2) That the Second Temple (Herod's Temple) was still standing.
(3) That the Book of Revelation was written as early as A.D.62 (probably in conjunction with the Book of James, see James 5:1-9 and compare with Revelation 1:1, 3 and 7).
(4) That the 'nations' are gathered in Jerusalem and give gifts to one another to celebrate the deaths of God's two witnesses. This seems to indicate it was one of Jerusalem's three festivals. Not a single Roman was in Jerusalem between November A.D.66 to April A.D.70! This can only mean the "Gentiles" have to be Jews and proselytes.*
(5) That the two witnesses were resurrected before the eyes of their enemies and there was a great earthquake in which a tenth of the city died.
(6) That the Seventh and final trumpet was blown announcing the coming of the kingdom of God.